By Robert Preidt
TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay Information) — Punctured lungs happen in as many as 1 in 100 hospitalized COVID-19 sufferers, a brand new examine finds.
Earlier than the pandemic, this downside was usually seen in very tall younger males or older sufferers with extreme lung disease. However some British researchers observed that a number of sufferers with COVID-19 developed the situation and determined to research.
“We began to see sufferers affected by a punctured lung, even amongst those that weren’t placed on a ventilator,” mentioned Stefan Marciniak, a professor on the College of Cambridge Institute of Medical Analysis.
“To see if this was an actual affiliation, I put a name out to respiratory colleagues throughout the U.Okay. through Twitter,” Marciniak mentioned in a college information launch. “The response was dramatic — this was clearly one thing that others within the subject had been seeing.”
The researchers famous that harm to the lungs can result in a puncture. As air leaks out, it builds up within the area between the lung and chest, inflicting lung collapse. That is additionally known as a pneumothorax.
For the examine, Marciniak analyzed information from 16 hospitals in Britain. He discovered that 0.91% of their COVID-19 sufferers had developed a punctured lung.
Of these sufferers with a punctured lung, 63% survived, however older sufferers had an elevated threat of loss of life. The survival fee amongst these youthful than 70 was 71%, in contrast with 42% amongst those that had been older, in keeping with the examine. The outcomes are within the Sept. 9 European Respiratory Journal.
Sufferers with abnormally acidic blood, known as acidosis, additionally had poorer outcomes. Acidosis may end up from poor lung perform.
“Docs have to be alert to the potential of a punctured lung in sufferers with COVID-19, even in individuals who wouldn’t be regarded as typical at-risk sufferers,” Marciniak mentioned.
“Lots of the circumstances we reported had been discovered by the way — that’s, their physician had not suspected a punctured lung and the analysis was made by likelihood,” he famous.
The researchers mentioned there are a variety of ways in which COVID-19 may result in a punctured lung, together with the formation of cysts within the lungs.